22 June 2016
The 300-400 cc performance motorcycle segment in India has come a long way in the last few years. This particular category was debuted by KTM 390 Duke in the year 2013. Having maintained its reign for the next couple of years, KTM saw manufacturers like Royal Enfield and Mahindra showing their cards in the form of the Himalayan and Mojo respectively in the recent past. The 390 Duke however, still remained unaffected as the other two bikes belonged to a different category. TVS was watching all this happening silently, besides enjoying its joint venture with BMW Motorrad. So, without any further delay, the two brushed their shoulders and decided to answer the orange Austrian player with their first product, the upcoming G310R.
Since the BMW G310R & KTM 390 Duke fall under almost the same price bracket, this brings in the possibility to compare the two. Is the much-anticipated BMW capable enough to raise the pulses of the KTM? Let's find in this short comparison.
BMW, the name known for churning out good designs during the course of its history has implemented the same to its motorcycles too. The G310R comes with a free-flowing body design with a number of curves here and there. The triangular headlamp section looks impressive and well commands the front profile. The high fuel tank offers some broad shoulders and seems a visual treat with the cowls on either side. The step-up seat looks sporty and ends up just before the rear tyre. The sharp half chain case looks smashing and  helps the machine reflects that bare athletic rear quite impressively. The tubular steel frame exposes itself well in showing the strong skeleton that the G310R has been possessed with.
The KTM 390 Duke witnesses a futuristic body design that looks more inclined towards performance than practicality. The pentagonal shaped headlight section looks unique with a small positioning light at the bottom. The fuel tank is edgy that extends forward sharply with the stylish tank scoops. Below it lies the engine with orange drenched trellis frame taking the centre stage. The split step-up seats come well-padded to offer a decent comfort to the rider and pillion. The rear end completes the body profile with a sporty rear and an oval-shaped tail lamp with red LEDs arranged within.
The baby Beemer comes powered by a 313 cc, single cylinder, liquid-cooled engine mated to a six-speed transmission. The electronically fuel injected motor churns out a maximum power of 34 bhp at 9,500 rpm with a peak torque of 28 Nm coming in at 7,500 rpm, pushing the G310R to a maximum speed of 145 kmph. Talking of KTM, the 390 Duke gets a 373.2 cc, single cylinder, liquid-cooled motor that is also linked to a six-speed gearbox. The peppy engine develops a peak power output of 43 bhp at 9,500 rpm while the maximum torque is rated at 35 Nm at 7,250 rpm.

Engine and Transmission


KTM 390 Duke

Engine Displacement

313 cc

373 cc

Engine Type



Fuel System



Maximum Power

34 bhp at 9,500 rpm

43 bhp at 9,500 rpm

Maximum Torque

28 Nm at 7,500 rpm

35 Nm at 7,250 rpm




With the advent of technology, manufacturers nowadays try putting in the latest bells and whistles to make their products more competitive and admirable. Following the same philosophy, BMW has blessed the G310R with a decent equipment package. Bolted on a tubular steel bridge-type frame, the G310R comes equipped with 41 mm inverted forks at the front while the rear end receives a mono shock absorber unit. The braking duties are taken care of by a 300 mm disc with a four-piston calliper at the front and a 240 mm disc with a single-piston calliper at the rear, coupled to BMW Motorrad dual-channel Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS). The motorcycle rolls over 110/70 R17 front and 150/60 R17 rear tyres that come mounted over five-spoke black alloy wheels.
The segment leader 390 Duke sits on a trellis frame and receives WP 43 mm inverted forks upfront with a monoshock at the rear. The stopping power is delivered by 300 mm disc brake with four-piston calliper installed at the front apart from a 230 mm disc with single-piston calliper at the rear. For a more responsive and precise braking, a Bosch 9MB twin-channel ABS comes as standard. The 373 cc roadster moves on 110/70 R17 front and 150/60 R17 rear tubeless tyres with ten-spoke signature orange alloys. Taking the game to its favour, KTM also offers a slipper clutch to minimise the effects of aggressive downshifts while attacking corners, something that BMW does not offer even as an option. Knuckle guards also come with the 390 Duke that proves beneficial in case of an accident.
390 Duke
Both the motorcycles feature a fully digital cockpit on board that gives an easy access to all the information to the rider. The fuel tank capacity is also same on both with a usable volume of 11 litres.

Chassis and Equipment


KTM 390 Duke

Frame type

Tubular steel bridge-type frame with bolt-on rear frame

Steel Trellis


17-inch alloy

17-inch alloy

Front tyre

110/70 R 17

110/70 R17

Rear tyre

150/60 R 17

150/60 R17

Front suspension



Rear suspension



Front brake

300 mm disc

300 mm disc

Rear brake

240 mm disc

230 mm disc


BMW Motorrad Dual-channel

Bosch 9MP Dual-channel

Slipper Clutch



Fuel Tank

11 litre

11 litre

Since the official India launch of the G310R is yet to take place, the price is unavailable at the moment. However, the expected price lies over Rs 2.25 lakh while the 390 Duke on the parallel, is retailed in India at a price of Rs 1.95 lakh, ex-showroom Delhi. Now, the KTM is known for delivering performance-oriented products that completely justifies the ‘value for money’ proposition too. Having said that, it would be interesting to see the extent to which the TVS-BMW’s Beemer shakes the market share of the Duke, considering the substantial difference in pricing with almost the same equipment on offer.



KTM 390 Duke

Ex-showroom, Delhi

Over Rs 2.25 lakh (estimated)

Rs 1.95 lakh

11 June 2016
Getting stuck in the middle of the road with over a quintal heavy motorcycle is not a good view and idea altogether. Living in an age where technology has made us accept its worth, it also won’t be fair enough to trust it blindly. Machines are made with precision and accuracy but that does not guarantee the failure of their parts or the machine itself. And being humans, it becomes quintessential to get fully prepared for the resulting tricky and worse conditions that can come across. 
Having said that, we bring you five motorcycle hacks that will ensure your escape unwanted situations.
1. FIXING STUCK IGNITION SWITCH: Imagine one fine day, in a hurry to reach your office, you rush to your beloved motorcycle parked outside your house but as soon as you insert the key in the ignition slot, it just refuses to turn. Punching your motorcycle in frustration will obviously not be a solution but knowing this simple hack will. In such a case, bring a pencil and hold it close to the ignition switch. With the help of a cutter, slowly rub the graphite section of the pencil in a way that the powdered graphite falls into the stubborn ignition switch. Do this until you feel a considerable amount of substance has been collected inside. Alternatively, you can also mark lines with a pencil on your motorcycle key repeatedly so that it becomes dryly lubricated with the pencil graphite. Wet lubrication or putting oil into the keyhole will also do the good but it has long term ill-effects. The oil attracts dust particles that can accumulate under the slot, inviting troubles for future.
2. CLEANING HELMET VISOR WITHOUT SCRATCH: Many times, you must have noticed tiny irritating bugs colliding against your helmet windscreen and end up being squashed, sticking to the windscreen. If you clean the visor with anything just to get rid of the dead bugs, you might end up with a few scratches on your screen. To avoid this and carry out harmless cleaning, it is advised to soak a paper towel in water and leave it on the visor for some time. Once the moisture reaches the dry bugs, it would be easier to wipe them off. You can also use vinegar in place of water as it doesn’t leave any mark. Post that, always remember to clean the visor in one particular direction and not in a circular one.
3. USING FLATTENED CANS FOR SIDE STAND PARKING: Sometimes, while you park your motorcycle sideways, you find that the surface is too loose or uneven that it might end up in your motorcycle biting the dust. To prevent this, you just need an empty aluminium can that needs to be flattened out. Simply place this beneath the side stand tip of your motorcycle and park it. The can will act as a medium for weight distribution and hence, will prevent your beloved machine kissing the earth.
flattened can
4. USING PLASTIC GLOVES IN COLD WEATHER: Riding with chilled out palms not only decreases their response but is also dangerous if exposed to the chilly conditions for prolong. To avoid this, you just need to step off at a filling station and ask for a pair of plastic gloves that would hardly cost you a penny. Wear these gloves first followed by the riding gloves. These will act as insulators for the incoming icy winds and will protect your hands from going into a paralysed mode.
vinyl gloves
5. PREVENTING VISOR FROM FOGGING UP: In winters, while you are riding your motorcycle, it is obvious that due to oncoming chilly wind, the visor of the helmet will be set in a down position. This protects you from the chill but you must have noticed your breathe making the screen foggy from inside. This indeed is dangerous as the small cloud can obstruct your vision to an extent good enough to make you fall into a trouble. To prevent this, simply put some washing liquid on a cloth and leave it on the inside of the visor for 20 to 25 minutes. Post that, polish the visor with soft hands so that no stains are left on the screen. This would eventually help you as the thin soap film will prevent your breathe reaching the visor and hence, minimises the risk of an accident as well as your frustration.
visr fogging
But before getting pumped up with all these techniques, ensure that you wear a proper motorcycle gear while riding. As they say, a broken bone hurts way more than a broken bumper.
09 June 2016
AT130155 large
One of the most exciting and important innovations in recent times – exciting from a design and aesthetic appeal, and important from a safety point of view – is that of the Audi Matrix LED technology, first showcased at the 2013 edition of the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, US and later introduced on the Audi A8 that debuted at the end of 2013. In India, the technology was first introduced in the current generation Audi A6 premium sedan.
Essentially, multiple light emitting diodes work together with a camera in order to present different lighting scenarios. It helps drivers see around corners and illuminates more of the road without blinding oncoming motorists. The technology allows drivers to basically have high beams on at all times, while the cameras and sensors direct the LEDs to turn off or dim in response to oncoming traffic to improve visibility.
Technology Explained
Each Matrix LED headlight houses 25 LEDs that are capable of being dimmed as per the situation on the road. The system comprises of three main components – the matrix LED headlights with the matrix LED power module; the multifunction camera; and the matrix LED responsive control unit as the “brain” of the system.
The system houses an ultra-sensitive camera that detects light sources from oncoming vehicles and masks out the high beam light distribution around them in real time. The camera is placed behind the windscreen in the base of the mirror. The image processor is integrated into the camera, which allows object lists with the necessary characteristics to be made directly available to other vehicle systems. 
The headlights are calibrated to the camera in the vehicle during the production process. The link between the camera and the headlight is formed by a function software in the control unit. It performs the alignment between the objects in the camera and the matrix LED segments. On the other hand, the function software records data that contains the position of every single matrix LED segment in the headlight. The control unit then computes which segments need to be dimmed. The LEDs in the segments concerned are thus deactivated to prevent glare [1].
Audi Matrix LED A8 headlight components
Headlight Structure 
Each headlight comprises 25 high-beam light-emitting diodes, arranged in groups of five per reflector. When the light switch is set to “automatic” and the high-beam headlights are on, the system is activated from 30 km/h (18.64 m/h) on highways and from 60 km/h (37.28 m/h) on city streets [2]. The Matrix LED technology splits up the LED high-beam headlights into numerous individual, small diodes working in conjunction with lenses or reflectors connected in series.
Overall, more than 230 parts constitute the entire system. The low beam unit has five chambers, each equipped with 15 1-sq-mm high-performance LEDs. The high beam unit responds to the information in the control software. Each LED chip generates a main beam segment in the form of a vertical strip. Even though every individual segment is homogeneously illuminated, the edges are computed to have maximum sharpness and can therefore create a dark zone between the other illuminated segments, the width of which can be freely varied [1]. In total, a lighting intensity of 100 to 150 lx can be generated, claims Audi, enabling the driver to continue driving with main beam function despite the presence of oncoming traffic.
The Matrix LED headlights also function as a cornering light. The system uses predictive route data supplied by the MMI navigation system on the car to shift the focus of the beam towards the side the driver intends to move, even before the driver actually turns the steering wheel.
IMG 20160320 214149
The Matrix LED technology is being considered a serious breakthrough in automotive lighting. As with other technologies, there is no doubt the Matrix LED technology would gradually percolate down to everyday cars in the near future. For now, Audi has introduced Matrix LED systems on the A7, TT and Q7, apart from the A8 and A6 models. 
Audi says the Matrix LED technology would provide much greater safety on roads in years to come. Looking at the benefits it offers, there is no reason to disagree. 
Text & Photo: Deepangshu Dev Sarmah
29 March 2016

Renault DusterNew 2016 IMG 8861


Renault India recently launched the new Duster, which is claimed to have more than 32 styling and technical changes over the older version. Among these, the highlight is the introduction of an AMT (automated manual transmission), which is the first in the segment; also the first in India to have six gears. We were invited by Renault India to drive the new Duster from Mumbai to Pune and this is where we found out the capabilities of the popular compact SUV. While a detailed story will appear in the upcoming edition, here are the key changes in the new Renault Duster.


Renault designers have tried to give the Duster a modern touch, while retaining the brawny character of the vehicle. The result of this effort turned out to be a success in our opinion as the newly-designed headlamps, LED tail lamps, roof rails and bumpers give the Duster a shot of flair. The new Cayenne Orange colour too makes the vehicle stand out in the crowd adding some zing to its looks. One of the most appreciated elements by us was the gun metal finish alloy wheel design. The 16-inch wheels fill the wheel arches adequately and look striking when in motion.

Renault DusterNew 2016 IMG 8896

To our mind, Renault designers have done enough to maintain the design language of the Duster, while successfully adding some modern touches. In short, it's a populist design, which will continue to attract more buyers.


Engine on the new Duster continues to be the same K9K 1.5 l dCi unit with 108 hp and 245 Nm of torque on offer. Although the engine is unchanged, progressing to the CMO10 & T4 E&E architecture has improved the operational efficiency of the engine, improving the drivability a bit. We'll share more information on these architectures in our upcoming issue. The AWD variant of the Duster is powered by the same engine and continues to offer a rotary knob to change from 2W to 4W mode and vice-versa. Our drive on this variant was enjoyable as the Duster made an easy task of the detours we took from the highway into rural territories. The AWD system is a very capable unit and with 210 mm of ground clearance, it becomes easy to handle off-road situations.

Renault DusterNew 2016 IMG 8966

The highlight of the new powertrain is the six-speed AMT, which Renault India claims to be the most advanced unit in the country. We drove the AMT variant on highways, hill sections and in city traffic to check if it's any different. The nature of the gearbox is what one would expect from an AMT so don't expect lightning fast shifts. The transmission creates a perceivable time gap between shifts but isn't as slow as some of the other AMT-equipped vehicles in the country. Fortunately, the transmission reacts with decent agility to kickdowns, dropping a couple of gears from moderate speeds.

Renault DusterNew 2016 IMG 9106


From a practicality standpoint, Renault should have most consumer expectations covered with this new AMT. The technology continues to offer the convenience of an automatic without hurting the pocket and fuel-efficiency. Plus, the unit itself performs decently in urban conditions so we do expect this technology to bring in more consumers to the Duster brand.


The interiors of the Duster have traditionally been in the bracket just above average, and Renault has tried to improve things in the new version. The refreshed black interior theme improves the visual appeal of the cabin and dual tone soft touch dashboard is a welcome addition. The control layout is approachable but the navigation screen sits a little too low, so the driver needs to take her/ his eyes completely off the road to view the screen. The new navigation system though is one of the best we've witnessed lately. Operating the unit is easy and the unit displays details such as the right lane to choose, diversions and route in a timely and clear manner. The unit also warns of speed limits in marked areas, increasing the safety equation.

Renault DusterNew 2016 IMG 9117

Plastic quality although better, still leaves some room for improvement and isn't at par with some of the competition. Beyond that the cabin impressed us in terms of space and comfort and the list of features on offer too is impressive. With climate control, auto up/ down windows with anti-pinch, ABS with EBD, dual-front airbags, ESP and Hill Start Assist, the new Duster is packaged well enough to offer an attractive proposition to potential consumers.


In a nutshell, the new Duster checks most of the boxes in the right departments and has an additional edge in the form of a six-speed AMT, which does its intended job well. Looks, design and build quality too has improved, adding some premium quotient to the package. The engine remains the same although drivability has improved and that's a good thing since we never had any complaints with the performance of the Duster.

Renault DusterNew 2016 IMG 8983

The new Duster is priced competitively as well with the entry point being Rs 8.47 lakh for the petrol 4x2 RXE. The AMT version is available in two trims – RXL at Rs 11.07 lakh and RXZ at Rs 12.87 lakh, all figures being ex-showroom, Delhi. Overall, the new Duster turned out to be a smart improvement of an already successful vehicle without altering the key reasons that make it popular.

We'll bring a detailed report on the new Duster in our upcoming issue, so stay tuned for the same.

New Renault Duster Price List:


4X2 MT

Diesel 85 PS

4x2 MT

Diesel 110 PS

4x2 MT

Diesel 110 PS

4x2 AMT

Diesel 110 PS 4x4 MT






























Text: Arpit Mahendra

Photo: Bharat Bhushan Upadhyay


09 March 2016
Harald Krüger Chairman of the Board of Management BMW AG with BMW Group trainees
The BMW Group has completed its 100th year of existence, since being established on 7 March, 1916, as Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG. From an aero-engine manufacturer, to motorcycle-maker and finally automobile company, the company has come a long way in history as a pioneer of various automotive technologies and products. While celebrating its 100th anniversary, BMW is also setting expectations for its next 100 years, starting with the Centenary leitmotif and new BMW Group corporate identity. The motto of the BMW Group’s centenary celebrations is ‘The Next 100 Years.’
Today, the BMW Group is an international group of companies with production and assembly facilities in 14 countries and a global sales network. BMW, MINI, Rolls-Royce and BMW Motorrad form the BMW Group of companies. The company has had a very eventful history, and looks forward to create significant milestones in the coming year, as well.
BMW AG started manufacturing its IIIa aero-engine in 1917, which is said to have demonstrated exceptional power, reliability and efficiency when operated at great altitudes. These characteristics were based on the strong basic design as an inline six-cylinder engine and on the use of lightweight materials combined with innovative technology for carburettor and ignition.
Another major manufacturing milestone for BMW was the development of its first motorcycle in 1923, the BMW R 32, which was mostly designed around the engine. It was the first motorcycle to be powered by a horizontally-opposed twin-cylinder Boxer engine, featuring a manual gearbox bolted directly to the engine and a shaft drive. These main attributes remain defining characteristics for BMW motorcycles with Boxer, or flat-twin, engines to the present day, the company said.
It was only in 1928 that the company became an automobile manufacturer, initially producing small cars based on an established contemporary design. This changed in 1933, with the BMW 303 becoming the first mid-range vehicle launched under the brand powered by an inline six-cylinder engine. It was the first car from BMW to feature the company’s BMW kidney-shaped grill. The 303 featured BMW’s patented tubular frame with twin down tubes, which became the norm for the company’s automobiles for the purpose of optimising weight.
BMW Showroom in Berlin 1929
BMW is also said to have a number of records and successes in motor sport. BMW works rider Ernst Jakob Henne set many world records between 1929 and 1937 on motorcycles, and achieved a speed of 279.503 km/h in his last record ride, which was held for 14 years. The first racing success for the BMW brand was achieved in February 1924, when designer and racing driver Rudolf Schleicher won the hill climb on the steep Mittenwalder Gsteig. The company noted that it has also set records more recently with the objective of demonstrating innovative strength. An example of this is the BMW H2R prototype which set nine records for vehicles powered by hydrogen in September, 2004, at the BMW test circuit in Miramas, France. BMW entered Formula 1 as an engine supplier in 1982, together with Brabham.
The BMW Group acquired the British Rover Group in January, 1994, which included Rover, MG, MINI and Land Rover brands, but has retained only MINI till date. Additionally, since 2003, the Rolls-Royce brand has also been part of the BMW Group.
The BMW i brand is one of the latest examples of the company’s lightweight construction, powerful innovation and consistent pursuit of independent solutions for electric vehicles. The company launched the brand in 2013, with the all-electric BMW i3. These vehicles feature an architecture that has been specially-developed for pure electric or plug-in hybrid models, with the design combining an aluminium chassis and a passenger cell made of carbon-fibre reinforced plastic.
The Next 100 Years
BMW will be organising two exhibitions and a festival to celebrate its centenary celebrations, in addition to the special centenary publication. The publication will be present information about the history of the BMW Group, as well as about key future issues, such as energy, demographic change, globalisation, digitalisation and mobility. They will consist of a mixture of essays, reports, studies and interviews with experts, and will be spread over 13 volumes.
The BMW Welt will host one of the exhibitions of the company, where core components from the Group World Tour exhibition in Beijing, London and Los Angeles will be displayed. The BMW Welt in Munich will be a permanent installation for visitors to enjoy, which will open on 22 March, 2016. The other exhibition will be a temporary one highlighting ‘100 Masterpieces’ at the BMW Museum, and will be on from 10 March, 2016, at the BMW Museum. This is an exhibition in which the BMW Group and its brands will mark the centenary by presenting the milestones in their history. The BMW Festival is the highlight event from the core BMW brand for all associates, former employees, and public, which will be held from 9-11 September, 2016, at Munich. 
While the next 100 years cannot be predicted accurately, BMW Group said its expectations are based on future projections for a variety of figures and factors. After some research, the Group has used this information to generate its vision of the future, with decisions being made to concentrate on key megatrends impacting personal mobility, and day-to-day and business lives. The BMW Group has combined its own internal information with evaluations from various research institutes to create a picture of the future, social transformation and human needs associated with it. The Group strongly believes that personal mobility is and will remain a fundamental human need.
The BMW Group believes that growing urbanisation, megacities, globalisation and metropolitan regions lead to issues like overcrowded roads, lack of parking spaces and vehicle bans for environmental reasons. All these call for some unique innovations to develop sustainable future urban mobility concepts. Solutions are being presented in the form of car-sharing programmes, multi-modal routing system, automatic booking and standardised payment systems, the Group noted. Additionally, since the amount of time spent in transit is increasing, the BMW Group Mobility is extending its reach to include technologies and services for enhanced individual mobility. The BMW Group’s future vision is for mobility to become effortless, available on demand and individually-customisable.
In terms of future automotive technologies, the BMW Group sees technology and digitalisation the natural devices of connectivity. The Group noted that digitalisation will play a key role in the transformation of the automotive industry, and it intends to remain at the front of these developments in the automotive industry. Currently, the company is on the verge of realising automated driving. 
Harald Krüger Chairman of the Board of Management BMW AG BMW VISION NEXT 100
Manufacturing Technologies
The BMW Group is also building on the advantages that digitalisation provides in the area of production of vehicles. In production, connectivity between the real and digital worlds offers significant potential in many areas, the Group noted. The aim is to achieve an intelligent, connected production set-up where complex processes can be made more efficient through the application of IT-supported technologies.
BMW Group has identified four potential areas which it primarily focuses on - Automated data capture and analysis, Smart Logistics, Innovative automation systems and Additive manufacturing. Automated data capture and analysis, such as digital plant surveys and simulations, can enhance process security, with latest 3D plant data making precise planning possible, and in turn increasing flexibility. Smart Logistics increase transparency over the supply network and optimise supply chains, while Innovative automation systems support employees directly as they carry out their work in production. This includes the flexible use of robots to work alongside humans safely to assist with physically demanding tasks.
The final area of focus is Additive manufacturing, which is also referred to as 3D printing. This technology is claimed to be bringing new solutions to production, as well as opening up more scope for a variety of forms. This form of manufacturing allows components to be produced quickly and in suitable quality. Currently, a classic example of additive manufacturing in use is the production of customised parts in small batches, BMW Group said. The Group added that it believes this production method has great potential for series production and realising new customer services,  through the customisation of vehicle components and the provision of spare parts.
Harald Krüger, Chairman of the Board of Management of BMW AG, said the BMW Group is always on a quest for the best solution, as it is part of the company’s DNA. He added that the Group has demonstrated on many occasions throughout its history that it is capable of learning fast and taking bold steps. Krüger also said mobility is going to diversify, and in the future, people will want access to the right mobility solution for their needs in any given situation. “I firmly believe that Personal mobility is once again at the dawn of a new and thrilling era, and for the BMW Group, that era begins today,” said Krüger.
BMW is looking into the next 100 years of its existence by providing automotive solutions that would make mobility diverse, which is what it feels the markets would expect. The future of mobility will see a mix of alternate fuels, self-driving vehicles , and highly-connected solutions. The Group is also answering to future requirements with a series of Vision Vehicles that are designed to anticipate and respond to people’s future mobility needs. For BMW VISION NEXT 100, the design team is said to have specifically taken into account all trends and technological developments that will be most relevant to BMW in the decades ahead. Additionally, many cues have also been from innovations and designs of the past.
The BMW Group said it will base its VISION NEXT 100 on certain necessary criteria. These include making the vehicle driver-focused always, fusion of Artificial Intelligence and intuitive technology, introduction of new materials in production and retention of mobility as an emotional experience. Therefore, it is clear that the BMW Group is looking at providing a complete experience to vehicle owners, rather than just a mode of transport.
Text: Naveen Arul
Photo: BMW