Connected vehicle technologies are at the height of their development, and will continue to experience growth in the times to come
Auto Tech Review caught up with Satish Burli, Vice-President and Head, Product Engineering Services, Sasken Technologies, to get an understanding of how these connected solutions are being developed.
TYPES OF CONNECTIVITY
Burli said connected vehicle technologies can be divided based on the connectivity of the vehicle with various other factors. These include connectivity between the vehicle and OEM, third-party service provider, driver or car occupants, infotainment systems, and other vehicles/infrastructure.
In most markets, connectivity between vehicle and OEM is being exploited for telematics applications in maintenance and diagnostics of vehicles. There are limited uses for connectivity for third-party services like assisted parking, toll management, smart road pricing, fleet management, usage based insurance, and real-time tracking of perishable goods/medicines, Burli noted. In the case of connectivity between vehicle and car occupants, technologies that increase communication between driver and passengers of the vehicle are already being launched in the market.
Sharing of media using MirrorLink as well as calendars and phone book are becoming the norm in reducing driver distraction, and serving as the basis for connectivity between vehicle and infotainment systems. Finally, there is connectivity between vehicle and other vehicles/infrastructure such as V2X. The V2X technology is enabling a whole range of use cases such as overtake warning, emergency vehicle alerts, road condition alerts, POI, and carpooling, he explained.
All the above applications are highly likely to be a part of C and D segment vehicle models over the next 3-5 years, observed Burli. Indian electric vehicles (EV) have an opportunity to be more software rich with added software-based services, he pointed out.
The adoption of telematics is increasingly becoming important if one looks at Indian highways that are prone to accidents, said Burli. Adopting the good practice of Emergency Calling in all multi-axle vehicles and cars beyond a certain horsepower is becoming a necessity. With increasing connectivity availability, one can think of mandating a dual active modem telematics unit fitted with GPS that can track vehicles to enforce speed control, offer precision location, and intimate rescue services in the event of an accident, he remarked.
Phone-as-a-key or PaaK is another application of IoT that is being explored by OEMs across the world. Similarly, RFID is now being commonly used for recording car data by dealers. In the future, over-the-air (OTA) updates will become more standardised because with software becoming more commonplace in cars, recalling them for upgrades will become cumbersome. Furthermore, fleet management applications are being powered by IoT with sensor-driven data.
CONNECTED MOBILITY ADOPTION CHALLENGES
Burli said most forms of connected mobility are already penetrating the market at a rapid pace. Some of the biggest challenges would be in the V2X and C-V2X areas because infrastructure is not smart yet like urban traffic management, smart lights and recognisable sign boards. There is no national mandate for adoption of connectivity standards like C-V2X or DSRC. In addition, smart city projects have also been slow to take off, noted Burli.
FUTURE CONNECTED VEHICLE FEATURES FOR INDIA
There are certain types of connected vehicle features that are expected to gain ground in the Indian automotive scenario, the foremost of which will be in-vehicle infotainment systems and connectivity for cars, including EVs. This will be followed by simple telematics apps such as usage-based insurance (UBI), Wi-Fi hotspots, vehicle control via smartphone, fleet management, maintenance and diagnostics, and transport planning.
Finally, a host of simple safety features like blind spot detection, driver monitoring, lane keeping assist system and lane departure warning will come into play. Burli said features for up to Level 2 of autonomous driving will more or less become a standard.
TEXT: Naveen Arul