City, traffic and mobility of people and goods – three closely linked factors shaping the development of today’s society. The availability and use of different means of transport has an impact on the urban infrastructure. In the imminent future, interest will be directed progressively towards the implementation of new mobility services, based on autonomous vehicles, possibly leading to drastic changes in individual mobility behaviour. In cooperation with the TU Braunschweig and the automotive engineering partner IAV, a thesis has been developed, that investigates the impact of an autonomous vehicle fleet on traffic, implemented as an example of the city of Cottbus, Germany. The resulting solutions have been awarded with the Hermann-Appel-Price of IAV in 2016.