India Experiences Regulation-Driven Demand For E-Mobility

India Experiences Regulation-Driven Demand For E-Mobility

Dassault Systemes India Regulation-Driven Demand E-Mobility Guillaume Gerondeau

Excerpts of inputs provided by Guillaume Gerondeau, Vice-President, Transportation and Mobility Industry Asia, Dassault Systemes

What is your opinion on the mobility industry at large?

It's a revolution. The way we move, and the way we live. Eventually, there will be a continuity between where you work, live, shop, and move. While talking about transportation, the various players connected with transportation and mobility need to work together. There are three main challenges for mobility, from the perspective of organisation, technology and systems.

In terms of organisational challenges, the requirement is in understanding which business a company is in and how it is transitioning into new avenues. There is a need for clear understanding of the scale of business desired to be achieved, along with possible solutions that can be offered. There is an increased rate of development, for which companies should look at moving towards agile thinking, extended collaborations and more openness. The second challenge is technology, within which you have all the tools you can use such as Artificial Intelligence, Big Data or Generative Design. Technology tools should be utilised to decide on the best practices to employ in development of parts or products, from the perspective of costs involved. Finally, there is a need to think of mobility as a system of systems and the way in which development can be made towards smarter grids, cities, homes and so on.

Could you talk about the e-mobility developments focussed around the APAC region?

The ultimate requirement is for the reduction of CO2, for which companies are committed to achieving through hybrids in a number of markets. China has a large number of e-mobility development programmes, with CAFÉ regulations beginning to play a role in future innovations. The market however is not demand-driven and mature.

In India, there is a trend of regulation driving demand, which has led to the development of a number of EV clusters. The subcontinent will see the adoption of electrified powertrains in light vehicles, such as two and three-wheelers over other segments of transportation. There is also a push from individual state governments for electrification of mass transit systems like buses, which can drive the demand for electrification of large vehicles, as well.

What are the new technologies that should be considered by manufacturers of EVs and related components?

There are three main areas that companies developing Electromobility solutions need to consider, for which Dassault Systemes provides solutions. The first is around battery technologies, including battery management systems, thermal management, safety factors, etc. There are various aspects of batteries that need to be taken into consideration while developing systems around them, and companies need to enhance their overall knowledge of the battery. The second main area is around system engineering, which is highly complicated. Companies should deliberate on the RFLP (Requirement; Functional; Logic; Physical) strategy while developing systems and components around Electromobility.

Finally, the field of electric drivetrain requirements is a key area to focus in the development of such systems. System engineering can be enabled to integrate development of various components of the drivetrain, such as electric motor, transmission and power electronics.

Please talk about the collaborative work required in the industry.

There is a necessity to put the end-customer in the loop of vehicle development, in order to understand what the vehicle will have to offer ultimately. System engineering does not cover only technical aspects of development, but also other requirements of the market and its demand. The biggest challenge is in being able to break the silos that various departments have been working in thus far and transforming the mind-set of all those involved in product development.