Continental has announced that it is developing technologies for small engine two and three-wheeled vehicles to address to increasing global demands from various quarters regarding mobility. Large-volume markets of India and China are implementing stricter exhaust gas and safety regulations for many different vehicle categories and demanding customised, flexible and specific solutions, the company noted. These requirements especially come from single-cylinder vehicles category in displacement classes below 150 cc. Two-wheeler experts at Continental are focused on technical solutions for engine and exhaust gas management, and on offering added safety through highly-functional assistance systems.
The company has developed technologies of modular engine management and catalysts with regards to the sustainability requirements. In terms of safety, Continental has developed technologies including Advanced Rider Assistance Systems (ARAS), Blind Spot Detection and braking systems.
Continental said gasoline injection technologies will become the standard in Asia’s motorcycle markets in the near future due to stricter legal standards. Introduction of BS VI emission standards from April, 2020, in India is especially relevant to this shift, as well as Emissions standard IV in China from July, 2018. Flexible systems are used for engine management and to ensure system efficiency by controlling fuel supply based on manufacturer requirements or national regulations, the company explained.
The company offers a wide range of pragmatic solutions that are both simple and effective, noted Torsten Bellon, Manager - Injection Systems for Two-Wheelers and Powersports business Unit, Continental.
The use of catalysts is a new way to generate the best possible efficiency, while fulfilling diverse market and customer demands. The position of the catalyst, its cell density and the use of structured foils in the metal substrate plays a key role in determining efficiency – including from an economic standpoint, Continental said. The catalysts owe their variability to a ‘fine-tuning of internal values’ reducing thermal mass that leads to less back-pressure and better efficiency, thereby allowing designers to minimise volume and weight. Structured foils, lower cell density, and variable designs based on installation position make the catalysts highly complex and diverse components for a wide variety of vehicle types from scooters to light motorcycles.
“The closer the catalyst is installed to the engine, the more effective it will be. System costs for exhaust-gas after-treatment are also reduced at the same time” explained Sven Seifert, Manager - Catalysts for Two-Wheelers and Powersports business unit, Continental.
ARAS represents consistent technology transfer from passenger cars to motorised two-wheelers, the company observed. Blind Spot Detection monitors the blind spot, a new feature for the commuter vehicle class. To function reliably in high-density traffic and everyday commuting situations, systems from the passenger car and motorcycle segment were adapted for their specific use in these vehicles to offer the best possible support, the company said.
Christian Pfeiffer, ARAS Project Manager for Two-Wheelers and Powersports business unit, Continental, said even the least expensive version of the company’s ARAS completely fulfil difficult everyday requirements.
Another safety features is the company’s one-channel ABS, called MiniMAB, which is said to offer a good amount of additional safety by ensuring the front wheel doesn’t lock up. The MiniMAB was developed specifically for cost-sensitive markets like Asia with a focus on scooters and motorcycles with moderate engine displacement that only have one hydraulic disk brake on the front wheel, Continental noted. It features a small and lightweight design, and acts as an optimal addition to a variety of vehicle types and requires minimal technical effort, since only one wheel speed sensor is required.